- Secrets to Finding and Catching Jack Salmon
- Hot Lures can be Simple Lures When They Work
- Missouri Fishing With a Special Friend
By Larry Whiteley
Many years ago during a beautiful spring in the Missouri Ozarks, a good friend of mine, Bob Nelson, invited me to go fishing with him for a fish he called “Jack Salmon”. I had never heard of such a fish so I went along mainly out of curiosity.
He took me north to Stockton Lake and a creek called Turnback. We walked up creek and found this fish with the funny name as they headed upstream to spawn. Casting spinner rigs and spoons the fight was a whole lot of fun in the swift water. We caught our limit and the fish weren’t the only thing hooked that day.
Just when I thought this special day was over and it couldn’t get any better, it did. Bob fileted the fish, started a campfire on a gravel bar, pulled a cast iron skillet from his truck, added some lard, cut up some potatoes and onions, opened a can of beans, covered the filets with cornmeal and cooked up a meal I still remember over 40 years later.
Unless you are as old I am, if you tell someone you are going fishing for Jack Salmon they will probably look at you kind of funny. Today most of us know them as the delicious, fun-to-catch walleye.
When you talk about walleye most fishermen think of the legendary fishing in the Dakota’s, Minnesota, Wisconsin and several of our northeastern states. They might also think of the fabulous walleye fishing on Greer’s Ferry Lake in Arkansas or Old Hickory Lake in Tennessee.
And I, like many of you, have made several trips to fish legendary Canadian lakes for walleye. The next time I go, I’m going to ask them if they have ever heard of a Jack Salmon.
Sometimes I wonder why I ever go out of state after walleye. We have some really good walleye fishing right here at home. In fact, the Missouri state record is 21.1 pounds, caught in 1988 at Bull Shoals Lake by Gerry Partlow. That’s bigger than 90% of the famous walleye states I just mentioned.
Walleye are native to some areas of Missouri and in some waters they naturally reproduce. However, in most of our large and small lakes, and reservoirs as well, as some streams and rivers they have to be stocked to keep up with fishing pressure. The Missouri Department of Conservation started stocking walleyes in the 1970s and now stock 1.2 million a year all over the state.
Lakes that receive walleye stockings include Bilby, Bull Shoals, Jacomo, Lake of the Ozarks, Longview, Long Branch, Mozingo, Norfork, Pomme de Terre, Smithville, Stockton, Table Rock, and Truman. The Mississippi, Black and Current Rivers are also known for good walleye fishing.
During the spring, walleyes will run up rivers and streams that flow into or out of a lake to spawn. Just like they were doing the day Bob Nelson took me fishing for Jack Salmon. They can also be found in areas of lakes with gravel or rip rap where they will also spawn.
Wherever you go walleye fishing in Missouri, make sure you check the season, length and possession limits of the water you are fishing because they can vary.
If you are new to walleye fishing, just realize it won’t be easy. If you’re willing to go without a little sleep, that’s good. Walleye feed actively at night. If you don’t mind bad weather, that’s good too. Walleye will sometimes bite the best when the weather isn’t best.
There are other times you can catch walleye. Early morning, low-light conditions from a half hour before to a few hours after sunrise are also good. I have better luck though, fishing a couple of hours before sunset to right up until dark sets in.
A dark, cloudy day is usually always good because the fish will sometimes feed all day. If it is a bright sunny day they will be at 20 feet or more trying to get away from the sunlight that penetrates the water.
Spoons, crankbaits and plain jigs, or jigs tipped with a minnow or nightcrawler, are good most of the time. Nightcrawlers and leeches work well on slip-sinker rigs. Trolling at 1 to 1.5 mph can also be effective.
Last year on Stockton Lake, my grandson Hunter, granddaughter Anna and I, did exceptionally well catching walleye. We used 1/8 ounce Roadrunners with gray shad bodies and hammered willow leaf silver blades. My son, Daron, caught his walleye with a crappie spinnerbait.
Walleye are usually not going to hit your bait hard. When they take it, you might just feel a hesitation or a little bump and think your bait just ran into something. That hesitation or bump just might be a Missouri Jack Salmon and you better set the hook.
To learn more about Jack Salmon, I mean walleye fishing, in Missouri, go to the Missouri Department of Conservation web site and search for walleye.